History of 2nd Street, Ogden, Utah

Stories of Bingham's Fort, Lynne, Five Points

History of Lynne Ward/ Ogden 15th Ward/ Harrisville 8th Ward

Posted by weberhistory on August 3, 2014

PREFACE

In January 2016 the Harrisville 8th Ward of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints turned 165 years old.  From 1850 to 1863 the ward/branch had various boundaries and several names as the settlement north of the Ogden River grew, but by 1863 the branch was known commonly as “Lynne 5th”.  The name Lynne prevailed until 1924 when the Lynne Ward was renamed the Ogden 15th Ward, and in 2002 it was renamed the Harrisville 8th Ward. 

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1850 DECEMBER NORTH BRANCH BEGAN &

1851 JANUARY NORTH WARD ORGANIZED                                                                                               

In March 1849 a few dozen families living in Weber County  were organized as the Weber River Ward with Captain James Brown as the bishop.  More people arrived, and in December 1850 the settlers on the land north of the Ogden River were separated from the Weber River Ward into the North Branch with Erastus Bingham Sr. as the branch president.  This branch was about six miles square in land, but most of the people lived in Farr’s Fort, about 50 families during the winter of 1850-51.

Brigham Young

Brigham Young

The North Branch lasted one month and then became a ward.   On January 26, 1851, Brigham Young came and reorganized the Weber River Ward into the Weber Stake of Zion, dividing it into two wards: South Ward (Ogden City) and North Ward (all farmland north of the Ogden River), the Ogden River being the dividing line and Lorin Farr the new stake president.

Traveling Bishop Bingham

Erastus Bingham

Erastus Bingham Sr. became the bishop of the North Ward with Charles Hubbard and Stephen Perry as counselors and Sanford Bingham as the ward clerk.  All the North Ward presidency and President Farr were living in Farr’s Fort.[1]

The next week, on February 6, 1851, Ogden City was incorporated. This made it the third incorporated city west of the Missouri River, the first two being San Francisco and Great Salt Lake City.[2] .

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1851 BISHOP BINGHAM & THE BEGINNING OF FIVE POINTS

1852 BOUNDARIES OF NORTH WARD CHANGED

In the spring of 1851 the Bingham family left Farr’s Fort to establish a farm on 2nd Street, beginning the community that was later named Five Points.    In 1852 the main water ditch, commenced the year before, was completed by the people under the direction of Isaac Newton Goodale, bringing  water from Mill Creek to 2nd Street and then on to Slaterville.  This ditch would later be known as the Bingham Fort Canal and then as the Lower Lynne Ditch.[3]

Bingham cabin once locted at 317 W. 2nd St.

Bingham cabin once located at 317 W. 2nd St.

Today's location of Bingham farm on W. 2nd St.

Today’s location of Bingham farm on W. 2nd St.

Luman Andros Shurtliff, 1807-1884

Luman Andros Shurtliff

Luman Shurtleff of Nauvoo, Illinois, was part of the exodus from America, arriving in today’s Harrisville in November 1851, a new member of North Ward; he became the President of the Seventies in Weber County in January 1852.  He wrote: “We got into the Salt Lake Valley on September 23, 1851, thankful to the God of Heaven that I and my family were in the valley of the Rocky Mountains- – here, where the Prophet Joseph Smith had said thirteen years before  that the Saints would go if the government did not put a stop to the mobbing and the persecution of them…. very thankful that we were far removed from those beings .. [who] had driven me and my family five or six times from all we possessed except what little we could take with us in our flight… ”[4]

In 1852 the boundaries of North Ward were reduced when North Ogden was separated into a  branch, leaving today’s Harrisville, Five Points, Slaterville and Marriott in the boundaries of North Ward.[5]

At the end of the year 1852 a log schoolhouse was finished by Brother Goodale, a substantial building for the school, ward meetings and all community dances.  It was located a block east of Bishop Bingham’s cabin and was known as the Bingham School.[6]

first meetinghouse

The Bingham School was the meetinghouse for Saints on 2nd Street from 1853-1861; it was located on the NE corner of today’s 2nd St. and Lynne School Lane.

On February 6, 1853, Luman Shurtleff “preached at Binghams Schoolhouse on the necessity of dealing honorably and justly with all and observe the Word of Wisdom in all things… took a view of past events and contrasted them with the present and drawed conclusions of the future showing the probable advancement of the Church for twenty years to come, the glory of the Saints and the appearance of the coming of Christ..”

On May 5, 1853 Brother Shurtleff met in the school “with my quorum and showed the cause of apostasy and exhorted them to be faithful.  Several of the brethren spoke and we was edified, rained at night, which was very beneficial to our crops which is all in the ground.”

June 5, 1853 “.. preached on the subject of rebaptism in the forenoon and in the afternoon on the power of the priesthood, showing that a strict obedience of those holding the priesthood would save us in celestial glory..”[7]  

On Sunday, July 23, 1853, the citizens of Weber County gave speeches in remembrance of the twenty fourth of July, the day the pioneers entered these valleys.  Luman Shurtliff was called on to assist in this celebration by making a speech and giving a toast.

In October of 1853 Luman Shurtleff and his wife Melissa attended conference in Salt Lake City and “had much first rate instruction, enjoyed ourselves as well and returned home on the tenth and found all well.  The next Sunday at meeting I was called on to preach and spoke of the necessity of refraining from using profane and unnecessary language and other evils.  After meeting I rebaptised a man and his wife and reconfirmed them and preached in the evening.  The next Sunday I preached at North Ogden and instructed the people to move into the fort and honor their president by coming to meeting and obeying his council in all things.”

1853-1855  BINGHAM FORT 

Due to conflict with the Indians, Brigham Young gave orders on July 31, 1853, to all the settlers of Weber County to “fort up”.  Isaac Newton Goodale helped locate Bingham Fort; it straddled 2nd Street and enclosed the school and near-by cabins of the Binghams, Gates, Goodales, and Gardners.   Many others  “teamed up” their cabins to the fort (dragged them on skids).  Luman Shurtliff built two cabins in the fort.[8]

After giving the orders to fort up, Brigham Young returned to Salt Lake City, and two weeks later wrote the following letter concerning the tithing wheat to Bishop Erastus Bingham:

Letter from President Brigham Young to Bishop Erastus Bingham about tithing of North Ward, August 1853.

Letter from President Brigham Young to Bishop Erastus Bingham about delivering the tithing wheat of North Ward to SLC, August 1853.

The rich soil and availability of water made the Bingham settlement productive; the wheat crops of  Weber County provided much needed grain for Salt Lake City during the first five years of settlement.  In 1856 a tithing office was established in Ogden for Weber County.

In September of 1853 while building the fort walls, one of the Goodale’s young sons died. Another son was born in October, lived 11 days and also died. Goodale buried the babies next to each other and wrote in his journal on 14 Oct. 1853:
“..These days are deep affliction to me; why it is so I cannot tell. The rest of the day I stayed round about home. I feel that all is right. The Lord gives and the Lord takes away. He shall be praised for all His goodness to me.”[8a]

Little Soldier and one of his 4 wives.

Little Soldier and one of his 4 wives; many Shoshone lived in Bingham Fort during the winter of 1854-55.

In September 1854 Brigham Young came to visit the Indians in Weber County.  He distributed presents and urged them to settle down like the white man and cultivate the land so they could have something to eat and feed their families in a self sufficient way.  The Indians seemed to feel good about the meeting. But after President Young returned to Salt Lake City, the Indians refused to be instructed by the white man and being short of food, they continued to act like beggars and parasites.  It would be 20 more years before Little Soldier and the Shoshoni Indians would desire to become farmers.

In November 1854 necessity forced many Shoshone Indians to join the settlers in their forts due to the Indians’ lack of food. James S. Brown was fluent in Shoshone language and steered the difficult process of disarming the Indians and settling them in the forts (for details about this see chronological history 1854).   After this was accomplished he continued teaching and preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ to the Indians.[8b]

On Dec 3, 1854, Wilford Woodruff visited and preached to the people in Bingham’s Fort; he reported to the Deseret News that “the fort contained 732 inhabitants who had raised an excellent crop that season”.  Isaac Newton Goodale recorded about 600 residents in the fort, the size of a ward today.  There is a discrepancy of 130 between these reports; perhaps one report included the Indians and one did not.[9]

James S. Brown

James S. Brown

On Dec 5, 1854, James S. Brown commenced a school to teach the Indian language, or rather the Shoshone dialect. Thirty male adults attended, including George W. Hill, who afterwards became the noted Shoshone interpreter in Weber County.  The winter passed and the Indians worked successfully with the settlers to earn their food and clothes. James S. Brown continued teaching the whites and preaching to the Indians until spring. When the spring of 1855 arrived, the Shoshones were given back their arms, and they bolted out of the forts of Weber County, very glad to have their guns and resume their nomadic life. It would be about twenty more years before the Shoshone Indians of Weber County as a group would convert to the gospel of Christ and to the Mormon Church.[10]

overlay bf map on current road map

TODAY: Overlay of Bingham’s Fort on current road map of 2nd St.

1855 -1858  PRESIDING ELDERS 

By 1855 Bingham Fort had become quite a town and was substantially larger than Ogden Fort.  In June 1855 President Brigham Young came and counseled the people of Bingham Fort to keep their farms but to move their houses to Ogden as it was his plan to build up Ogden first. Bishop Bingham heeded this counsel and took up a lot in Ogden and also retained his share of the farm on 2nd Street.

At this time North Ward was reorganized into presiding elders in Marriott, Harrisville and Slaterville/Bingham Fort with traveling Bishop Erastus Bingham still supervising all ecclesiastical matters. Thomas Richardson was made presiding elder of Slaterville and supervisor of 2nd Street.  Local elders on 2nd Street were Robert E. Baird, William B. Hutchens and John Laird.  Because the geographical area was large, church meetings in the area of Slaterville were held in private homes on the north side of Mill Creek and on the south side of Mill Creek, and on 2nd Street the meetings were held in the Bingham School.[11]

In the fall of 1855 Chauncey W. West arrived in the Bingham Fort settlement having returned from a mission to India. In November 1855 he was appointed “presiding bishop of Weber County”.   The collection and management of the tithing of all of the wards of Weber County was consolidated in one office, and  Presiding Bishop West was in charge of receiving and distributing it where it was needed. Before the building of regular mercantile stores, the tithing office was the only means of exchange of commodities.  Some stores were organized in the 1860s, but people largely provided for their own needs until many retail stores came with the building of the railroad in the late 1860s.[11a]

During the summer of 1855 a cricket plague destroyed almost every vestige of vegetation.  This was followed by the most  severe winter known to the settlers up to that date.  A large number of people remained in Bingham Fort through the winter of 1855-56; this winter was ever after known as “The Hard Winter”.  In the spring of 1856 most of the fort population dispersed leaving the permanent homesteaders on the surveyed farms of 1851.[12]  

1856-1857  MORMON REFORMATION 

After the dire circumstances of grasshoppers in the summer and the Hard Winter of 1855-56, a major event, known as the Mormon Reformation occurred in the winter of 1856-57.  This movement was begun by the forceful preaching of Jedediah Grant, a counselor in the Mormon First Presidency, and was followed up in local areas with speeches and calls to repentance so that the blessings of Heaven might prosper them.  Economic conditions were poor, food was scarce and some were disaffected by the harsh frontier life.

Robert E. Baird and Isaac Newton Goodale took a prominent part in carving out the work of Reformation on 2nd Street under the direction of Luman Shurtleff, with a view to get the Saints to repent of their sins, their shortcomings and follies and to live lives of virtue and integrity before the Lord so that his blessing, prosperity, and peace might be more abundantly manifest among the people of Zion.  They were designated to query or “catechize” each member with probing questions that underlined church activity and faithfulness.  Each person was invited to confess his sins in relation to the question asked and then be rebaptized in a renewal of their covenants.  The “catechism” of 27 questions was recorded by Luman Shurtliff:

Luman Andros Shurtliff, 1807-1884

Luman Andros Shurtliff, 1807-1884

   1. Have you committed murder by shedding innocent blood or consenting thereunto?
   2.  Have you betrayed your brethren or sisters in anything?
    3. Have you committed adultery by having any connection with any woman that was not your wife or a man that  was not your husband?
    4. Have you taken or made use of property not your own without consent of the owner?
    5.  Have you cut hay where you had no right to or turned your animals into another persons’ grain or field without his knowledge or consent?
    6. Have you lied about or maliciously misrepresented any person or thing?
    7. Have you borrowed anything that you have not returned or paid for?
    8. Have you born false witness against your neighbor?
    9. Have you taken the name of Deity in vain?
    10. Have you coveted anything not your own?
    11. Have you been intoxicated with strong drink?
    12. Have you found lost property and not returned it to the owner or used all diligence to do so?
    13. Have you branded an animal that you did not know to be  your own?
    14. Have you taken another’s horse or mule from the range and rode it without the owner’s consent?
    15. Have you filled your promises in paying your debts or run into debts without prospects of paying?
    16. Have you taken water to irrigate with when it belonged to another person at the time you  used it?
    17. Do you pay your tithing promptly?
    18. Do you teach your family the gospel of salvation?
    19. Do you speak against your brethren or against any principle taught us in the Book of Mormon bible book or Doctrine and Covenants Revelations given through Joseph Smith the Prophet and the Presidency of the Church as now organized?
    20. Do you pray in your family night and morning and attend to secret prair?
   21. Do you wash your boddies and have your family do so as ofton as helth and clenliness requires and circumstances will permit?
   22. Do you labor six days and rest or go to the House of Worship on the seventh?
   23. Do you and your family attend ward meetings?
   24. Do you preside over your household as a servant of God and is your family subject to you?
   25. Have you labored diligently and earned faithfully the wages paid you by your employers?
   26. Do you oppress the hireling in his wages?
   27. Have you taken up and converted any stray animal to your own use or in any manner appropriated one to your benefit without accounting theirfor to the proper authorities?

A little over 200 people in the Bingham Fort District were catechized during January and February of 1857.  Early in the spring, the work of Reformation having been taught in the winter, most of the people were re-baptized in Mill Creek. The blessings and economic prosperity that were sought by the people came about by an ironic turn of events over the next two years.[13]

1857-1858  UTAH WAR 

On July 24, 1857, on the 10th anniversary of the arrival of the Saints into the valley and during their pioneer day celebration in Big Cottonwood Canyon, messengers came with the alarming news that the U.S. Army was on its way to Utah to put down the alleged Mormon rebellion against the Union.  The people were shocked and feared the prospect of again being driven unjustly from their homes as they were in Missouri and Illinois.[14]

Upon hearing the news Erastus Bingham and family left the celebration and returned at once to Ogden.   The History of the Lynne Ward recorded: “All the able bodied men were mustered into service in the militia under Chauncey W. West to assist in watching the invading forces ordered by the general government against the Mormons.  The U. S. Army had reached Ham’s Fork in the vicinity of Fort Bridger.  The determined defensive position taken by our militia and by means of large scouting parties … was to harass, discourage and confuse,  and to induce the army to camp for winter in the locality of Fort Bridger…  Maj. Jos. Taylor and Capt. W.R.R. Stowell were taken prisoners by their enemies.”

In the fall of 1857 while others were in preparatory military training, or “sword exercises” as Isaac Newton Goodale described it, Frederick A. Miller, age 19, was called to go on a mission to Fort Lemhi in the eastern part of what is now Idaho “to educate the Indians and teach them the Gospel”.  He left on October 3rd and arrived there October 27th.[15]

In the spring of 1858, in order to avoid bloodshed, Brigham Young decided to abandon the northern Utah settlements instead of fighting.   Should the army manage to enter the Salt Lake Valley, it would find the homes laid waste by fire and the people gone.  The army’s victory would be  without significance.   Most of the people of the people on 2nd Street joined the exodus; their ward history reads:

“The people  being in harmony with the general spirit and feeling of the whole church, took up their line of march for the southern country leaving a detail of men to guard the homes and property or to destroy it by the lighted torch in the event of the hostile forces gaining the ascendancy.  Never was a people more determined to defend their rights and their religion against a crusade inaugurated by the very power and authority which should have extended protection.  Nay more, who should have rendered them aid and sympathy in their undertakings to convert the sterile desert wastes of these mountain regions into cultivated fields and farms and make happy homes for themselves and families, surrounded for neighbors by the hostile savage of the plains, 1000 miles from any other portion of those cultivated and civilized inhabitants.”

Thomas Bingham, Erastus Bingham Jr. and Isaac Newton Goodale were the men left on 2nd Street under the command of Col. David Moore, with  “instructions to burn the houses and crops if worst came to worst and the Saints definitely must seek a new homeland.”

buglers

Buglers of Johnston’s army 1857-1858

Frederick Andrus Miller 1838-1922

Frederick Andrus Miller 1838-1922

On the 28th of March 1858 Frederick A. Miller left Fort Lemhi, and on the 11th of April he arrived in Ogden and found it a “dreary looking place as the inhabitants had moved from their homes to the southern part of the Territory.”  He too went south and found his mother living in Springville.

After months of standoff  and evacuation the Mormons and the U. S. government worked out their differences and the “Utah War” was brought to an end.  The people of Weber County returned gratefully to their homes.  On 2nd Street is was recorded that  ” …A fair crop was gathered  considering the circumstances, the home guard in charge having performed faithfully their duty toward the people.”  

With the end of the Utah War came a new governor, Alfred Cumming, the presence of federal troops, and outsiders bringing money to invest in new businesses.  In some ways the “Utah War” was a God-send as the settlers were able to buy cheap the soldier’s discarded clothing, such as coats and suits, and the stationary army purchased supplies from the settlers.  All this helped to put more money in circulation. Johnston’s army settled in Camp Floyd in a valley 50 miles SW of Salt Lake City and remained there until 1861.

150 people left the Territory at this time, either because of  the harsh economics or dissatisfaction with the faith.  While a small number trickled out, large numbers continued to come in.  During the 1860s Ogden began to look forward toward rapid growth in commerce and industry. [16]

1858-1863  BRANCH PRESIDENT THOMAS RICHARDSON 

After the Utah War was over, on Sept. 10, 1858,  Thomas Richardson became the district or “branch” president of the area of Slaterville (or Pioneer Road); 2nd Street (or Bingham Fort Lane) was under this jurisdiction with Robert E. Baird as the presiding elder on 2nd Street and meetings were still held in the Bingham School. Bishop Erastus Bingham was released as the traveling bishop and served now as bishop of Ogden First Ward.  [17]

In 1861 the school trustees built a larger log schoolhouse with a rock chimney and fireplace on the SE corner of 2nd Street and Mill Creek Lane one mile west of Five Points (this is today’s intersection of 2nd Street and the railroad tracks). Robert E. Baird was among the trustees who erected the school house and named it the Mill Creek School, located about 300 yards north of Mill Creek. [18]

mill creek school

The Mill Creek School was the meetinghouse for Saints on 2nd Street from 1861-1867; it was located on 2nd St. by today’s railroad tracks.

                                                      

1863-1867  5TH ECCLESIASTICAL DISTRICT  or “LYNNE 5TH”; Pres.Robert E. Baird   

On Oct. 25, 1863, all of Weber County was organized into one ward but then divided into districts.  2nd Street became the 5th Ecclesiastical District of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with Robert E. Baird as president, Daniel F. Thomas as 1st Counselor and James Field as 2nd Counselor.   About this time the assistant Ogden postmaster Walter Thompson named the postal route on 2nd Street “Lynne” after his native town in Scotland.   The 5th Ecclesiastical District of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was more commonly known as “Lynne District” or “Lynne 5th”.[19]

Robert Erwin Baird, 1817-1875

Robert Erwin Baird, 1817-1875

Robert E. Baird was one of the “adopted sons” of Heber C. Kimball in Nauvoo.  He immigrated from Ireland as a young man and married Hannah McCullough in Pennsylvania in 1840.  They joined the Mormons and moved to Nauvoo.  In 1847 Robert entered the Salt Lake Valley with the first pioneer company driving a wagon for Heber C. Kimball.  He settled in Weber Precinct and married a second wife, Jane Hadley, in 1856 and a third wife, Mary Hadley, in 1858.  His occupation is listed as tailor and farmer in the 1850 and 1860 censuses and as Public Speaker in the 1870 census.  His farm was located at today’s address of 2nd St. and 1000 West.[19a]

Robert E. Baird house at 2nd and 1000 West; the frame structure enclosed the original log cabin; demolished when Utah General Depot established; photo courtesy of Frank Layman.

Log cabin of Robert E. Baird enclosed in frame house in c. 1940; photo courtesy of Frank Layman.

Location of Robert E. Baird house today; photo 2014.

Location of Robert E. Baird house today; photo 2014.

In 1864 a civil precinct was formally organized and named Lynne.  The boundaries of the civil Lynne Precinct were also the boundaries of the ecclesiastical “Lynne 5th”.  President Robert E. Baird became the first Justice of the Peace; it was common at this time for the ecclesiastical leader of a settlement and the civil leader to be the same.[20]

Constable Edward Stone

Constable Edward Stone

“A good efficient man”, Edward Stone, was appointed by Robert E. Baird to be constable.  This appointment was like a priesthood calling, and the constable served without pay.[20a]

5th ecclesiastical district

Lynne Precinct 1864-1889

1867-1877 ADOBE LYNNE SCHOOL MEETING HOUSE for LYNNE 5TH

Site of Bingham School

Site of Bingham School and then Lynne School

By 1867 the people knew that the railroad tracks would soon come along Mill Creek Lane, so the Mill Creek School was no longer in a suitable location.  A new, larger adobe school was built back on the same site as the old Bingham School.  The new school had one big room that was plastered and whitewashed and a shingled roof.  It didn’t have a fireplace but was heated with a tall iron stove.  The cost of the school was paid by taxation, and it was known as Lynne School.

adobe lynne school

The adobe Lynne School was the meeting house for the Saints on 2nd St. from 1867-1877.

In 1867 a Sunday School was organized in the Lynne District. Sunday School met in the school in the morning, Sacrament meeting in the evening, and Fast meeting was on Thursday morning.[21]

The first session of Sunday School was held May 24, 1867.  Fred N. Stone later described the Sunday School organization:  “It became a prominent organization with Brother Joseph Harrop as Superintendent.  He was a wonderful singer, always on hand at every meeting, walking to and from the meeting house to his home which was situated where Fourth Street now is.  He sometimes walked this distance three times a day.  Brother Harrop never forgot to remind the boys and girls to shine their shoes, take a bath and go to bed early on Saturday night so as to be on time for Sunday School.  A prize consisting of a silver service for Sacrament was won for the best attendance of any Sunday School in the Stake for a year.”[21a]

1868  LYNNE 5TH & MARRIOTT RELIEF SOCIETY 

On April 23, 1868, Chauncey W. West organized a combined Female Relief Society for Lynne and Marriottsville.  Meetings were held once a week in the homes of various sisters, two meetings in Bingham Fort and two in Marriottsville each month. Mill Creek Lane ran along today’s railroad tracks and connected the two communities; it was noted as a beautiful path to walk on.

Anne Bickington was the first president of the Lynne Relief Society.

Anne Bickington was the first president of the Lynne Relief Society.

Ann Bickington was chosen president of the Relief Society, with Nancy Tracy and Hannah Baird counselors, and Nancy Jane Gates as secretary.[22] Eliza R. Snow taught the sisters about the 1842 organization of Relief Society in Nauvoo and explained that their first duties were to help the poor in their wards and to establish committees to have sisters visit each family at least once every month.  The society was to help the women physically, mentally and spiritually.

Some of the Lynne Relief Society sisters were illiterate and some could not read English, so Georgia Marriott organized a successful literacy program.

Fred N. Stone described the first Relief Society: “The sisters worked shoulder to shoulder with the brethren in taking care of the sick and needy, and although money was very scarce, they managed to raise $100 to help emigrate some poor person from a foreign country.  They also learned to braid straw and make hats for the brethren, their children and themselves.  They carded and spun the wool for their own clothes, also made candles for light; so we see they were kept very busy, but ever found time to help one another in any capacity.  One among them was Sister Anna Cardon, who was a physician and surgeon and was called upon at all hours of the day or night in all kinds of weather to go to the assistance of the sick all over the branch, and she often had to ride horse back as the roads were impassable to a vehicle.“[22a]

On September 28, 1868 Nancy Jane Gates recorded a visit from her Female Teachers in her journal: .. “I went to school as usual had only 18 scholars.  At noon I went home prepared dinner.  The Female Teachers called and paid me a visit.  I donated a half yard calico and 2 skeins black cotton thread. …”

In 1871 Caroline Peterson Harrop served as a Norwegian interpreter for Relief Society. Many non-English speaking Scandinavian families were moving into the east side of Lynne and joining the Lynne 5th District.[23]

In 1875 Eliza R. Snow visited Ogden encouraging the sisters to establish home factories. The Relief Society sisters of Lynne and Marriott joined the Utah silk project and began nurturing silkworms. On West 12th Street a large lot was planted in Mulberry trees to grow leaves to feed the silkworms. The trees and worms were imported from  Italy and France.

Nancy Tracy was part of this project, and she placed a few worms (larvae) in her house and soon had thousands of them. They ate continuously for 6 weeks and made much noise. They would strip a branch of leaves in no time. Then each larvae enclosed himself into a cocoon; a cocoon was made of a thread of raw silk produced by the salivary glands and ranged from 1,000 to 3,000 feet long. The home silk industry did produce silk cloth, but the project was unsuccessful financially so it was of short duration, but it was regarded as a noble effort of pioneer people to develop themselves this fine kind of cloth. However, over the next two decades there would continue to be some silk production by the women of Weber County.[24]

silk worm cocoon

C. 1877 Silk worm cocoon of Mary Melling Stone.

Original members of Marriott/Lynne Relief Society; L to R:Elizabeth Marriott, Mary E. Salisbury Parsons, Ellen Melling Salisbury, Anne Bickington, Mary E. Melling Stone, Harriett Reeder; photo c. 1900, published Standard Examiner July 18,1947.

In 1900 the surviving, original members of Marriott/Lynne Relief Society were photographed; L to R: Elizabeth Marriott, Mary E. Salisbury Parsons, Ellen Melling Salisbury, Anne Bickington, Mary E. Melling Stone, Harriett Reeder; photo c. 1900, published Standard Examiner July 18,1947; photo by Arthur Parsons.

 1869 RAILROAD   

The “great highway” (or railroad) across the nation met at Corinne May 10th, 1869, and brought dramatic change to the economic, social and cultural influence in Utah.  The railroad non-Mormons had their dances, and the Mormons had theirs.  Young Mormons everywhere were counseled not to attend railroad dances. Moroni Stone was excommunicated from the Lynne 5th for attending railroad dances and racing the train on horseback with a group of rowdy friends.

The People’s Party was organized, and Mormons were counseled to vote for the church selected candidates of the People’s Party.  Non Mormons, or Gentiles, supported the candidates of the Liberal Party.  Unlike his Mormon neighbors, Moroni Stone became an active member of the Liberal Party.

In the fall of 1869 President Robert E. Baird organized a young men’s Lyceum for Mutual Improvement in Lynne District in harmony with Brigham Young’s call for “Retrenchment”.  It brought the young men together for evening reading and general mental culture and to gain experience in public speaking.[25]

Gentile stores were noted for Mormon price gorging. The Cooperative Mercantile Co. was formed at Five Points in 1869, capitol subscribed and W. T. Read was appointed superintendent and salesman.  Relief Society sisters were encouraged to volunteer time serving at the Mormon cooperative store.[26]

1870 JOSEPHITE MISSIONARY David Hyrum Smith  

In 1870  Josephite missionaries from the States arrived in Ogden by train, and in the course of their proselyting David Smith, one of the sons of Joseph Smith, visited and preached on 2nd Street.  The history of the Lynne Ward states:“The appearance of such a person in this locality naturally excited curiosity amongst a great many, owing to the relationship existing between this man and the recognized head and founder of the faith under the direction and inspiration of the Almighty…”

David Smith and the Josephites came in four or five wagons together, and that in itself was unusual, arousing the neighborhood people to come to the roadway and watch the wagons pass.  Brother Robert Baird had three wives and was president of the Lynne District; he challenged David Smith to a debate in the Lynne schoolhouse, but Mr. Smith declined knowing that Brother Baird would attack the veracity of his mother.[27]

David Hyrum Smith

David Hyrum Smith declined the debate with Robert E. Baird.

The Josephites continued west down the road and held a meeting in the Slaterville schoolhouse. Few accepted the doctrine of the Josephites, but some Mormons who were dissatisfied with polygamy entered into sympathy with them.  In 1872 some who were still sympathetic with the Josephites left their farms in Slaterville and left Utah and returned to the States.[28]

The railroad brought other religious groups to Five Points, and many of these non Mormons came with the intent of converting “Mormon children and adults away from the error of their ways and their current religious practices, particularly plural marriage.”[29]

1870 BAPTISM OF JOHN HUTCHENS

“John’s mother [Eliza Hutchens] had gone to conference in Salt Lake City, but had left word that on fast day, which was the first Thursday in the month, Mary [age 13] was to take John and have him baptized.  Father [William Hutchens] stayed with the [other] children.  When Thursday came, Mary took John to be baptized in the canal, and then, after she had changed his wet clothing, she took him into the schoolhouse to be confirmed, at the fast meeting which followed the baptism.”        He was baptized in the Lynne 5th District on June 2, 1870.[30]

Bingham Fort Canal, now known as Lynne Ditch.

Bingham Fort Canal,  AKA lower Lynne Ditch; photo 2010

(Brother and Sister Hutchens were faithful members of the Church, yet neither was present at the baptism, and his father did not participate in the ordinances, a sharp contrast to present customs.)

1874  LYNNE UNITED ORDER 

Luman Shurtliff wrote: “May 2, 1874 – I was at Ogden at a two day  meeting.  The United order or Order of Enoch was taught and all invited to give in their names who wished to join that body of  united saints…  I had prayed for many years that the order had in Zion in the days of Enoch would take place in my life that I might see the order and enjoy the blessings thereof.  The next day the Weber Stake was organized…”(p. 120)

After the two day meeting in Ogden a branch of the United Order was organized in Lynne as follows: Robert E. Baird president, John Folker vice president, Nathan Porter, secretary. Thomas Wilson was assistant secretary, Frederick A. Miller, treasurer, Daniel F. Thomas, William B. Hutchens, and Rasmus Christofferson directors. Daniel F. Thomas was appointed as a director on the central board to represent Lynne.

An interesting enterprise connected with the United Order was the organization of a co-operative farm in 1875. Several of the brethren bought a farm and raised 100 acres of broom corn for the Scoville Broom Factory. The shares were given according to the amount of labor and cash each member put into it, and the profits were to be received accordingly. They cultivated, harvested, cured and delivered the brush fiber according to a co-operative participation plan.

Scoville Broom Factory; photo p. 310 Beneath Ben Lomond's Peak.

Scoville Broom Factory

Horatio Bardwell Scoville was called by Brigham Young to go east and study the broom manufacturing business. After two years of study and apprenticeship, he returned to Ogden and set up business at 2441 Grant Ave. The specially grown broom corn was planted and machinery purchased. The first Utah factory-made brooms were turned out on Oct. 18, 1875. The brooms manufactured this year were sold directly to families from 50 cents to $1.30 each. [31]

1875  DEATH OF PRESIDENT BAIRD  

On the 24th of August 1875 President Robert E. Baird died after an illness of nearly 10 years. Brother Baird was a good faithful and useful man, very much respected by his little flock and his death was lamented by all who felt the privilege of his acquaintance or who listened to this counsel and instructions. On the 14th day of October Daniel F. Thomas was appointed as president of the Lynne 5th.[32]

LOOKING BACK THIRTY PLUS YEARS…

Luman Shurtliff, age 68: 1875 Dec 25th – this day is called Christmas by believers in Jesus Christ.  This day I and my wife Melissa rode to Plain City to my son Lewis’ and I gave him and his wife their patriarchal blessings. Thirty years ago this day I and my wife Altamira received our endowments in the temple which we helped build in Nauvoo, now 1400 miles east of this place…. (p.121)

Luman Shurtliff, age 69: 1876 July 4 – .. the fourth of July 1838 I was present and assisted in the celebration and laying of the corner stones of the temple at Far West Caldwell County Mo. In this city I was taken a prisoner by order of a mobocratic governor called L W Boggs and in the month of Feb compelled to leave the state of Missouri and flee to Illinois leaving a farm of fifty acres of rich land in possession of the mob and settled in Lyma Adam County Illinois.  Since that [time] I have traveled in many of the states and territories preaching the Gospel of the son of God and trying to do good among the children of men.  Having been driven six times from all that was dear on earth (except what little I could take with me in my flight) and now [as an] exile in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains, I find my ardor somewhat cooled in celebrating the birthday of a nation which will not allow me the rites of a common citizen, that is to worship God & keep his commandments (p. 122… grammatical and spelling corrections inserted).

1877 LYNNE WARD ORGANIZED –  BISHOP DANIEL F. THOMAS       

On May 28, 1877, Lynne 5th District was organized as a ward with Daniel F. Thomas as bishop and William B. Hutchens and R. Christofferson as counselors. The ward included a territory about four miles long and a mile wide.

BOUNDARIES OF THE LYNNE WARD

BOUNDARIES OF THE LYNNE WARD 1877-1908

On the 29th of May a meeting was called by Apostles F. D. Richards and Erastus Snow. There was also present the presidency of the Weber Stake, President D. H. Perry, L. J. Harrop and D. F. Middleton. The object of the meeting was to carry out the instructions of the presidency of the church in a thorough organization of the orders of the priesthood. On the 29th of September the different grades of the lesser priesthood were organized by President Perry and counselors, after ordaining several of the young men of the ward to offices of the lesser quorums of priesthood.”[33]

Fred N. Stone: ” Bishop Thomas lived at the western end of the ward (2nd St. and 1000 West).  There were also about nine or ten other families living in that locality.  Going eastward where the ward was situated was a stretch of marshy sloughy land and in wet weather the mud and water reached all most to the hubs of the wagon, which was their means of transportation.  In dry weather the chuck holes and dust made going precarious, but nothing daunted those sturdy saints.  Bishop Thomas with his faithful wife and a load of sons and daughters were always at meeting on time, and with his genial smile and hearty hand-shake, he made everybody welcome.”[33a]

1877 Bishop Daniel F. Thomas

Bishop Daniel F. Thomas

Cabin of Daniel F. Thomas was located by building 10A of DDO.

Log storage shed of Daniel F. Thomas was in Utah General Depot Museum; it was originally located on his farm on 2nd St. and 1000 West.

1877 BRICK LYNNE SCHOOL MEETING HOUSE

Site of 2nd Lynne School

Site of 2nd Lynne School

In the fall of 1877 a new brick school house was completed, a big structure of 24 x 40 feet, and it was furnished with first class desks. On the 9th of December it was dedicated. Prayer was offered by counselor S. J. Harrop, speeches were made congratulating the Saints on the energy and faith manifest by this substantial edifice, it being a credit to them and an evidence of the interest they feel in the education of their children, as well as having a desirable and comfortable house in which to assemble for worship and for general instruction and improvement.

The speeches on this occasion were Apostle F. D. Richards, Stake President  D. H. Perry, Elders C. F. Middleton, F. S. Richards, L. F. Monk, – -Moench and David N. Stewart. The building was erected at a cost if about $2,300, furniture $300, total $2,600. When the brick school was completed, the old adobe school was torn down. [34]

Front view of the Victor Reno Sr. residence; school portion is on the left; photo Maxine Stone Brown.

The brick Lynne School was meeting house on 2nd Street from 1877-1890; it was later remodeled into the house pictured above; photo courtesy Maxine Stone Brown, c. 1930.

A few weeks after the dedication of the new schoolhouse, the Lynne Ward held a Christmas party where one of the first Christmas trees of the era was presented. It was many years later before people began having Christmas trees in their homes.  Sarah Stone, age 5, attended and later wrote:

Daughter of James and Mary Melling Stone, childhood home at 386 W. 2nd St., Ogden, Utah.

Sarah Stone, age 16, c. 1888.

“I can remember this truly was a happy Christmas for it was the first time I ever saw a Christmas Tree. I remember this beautiful tree in the school house-meeting house (for it was both). We with the neighbors went to the Lynne Ward to see this Christmas Tree and to hear the program where there was singing.  After the program there was the Christmas meal and after that there was the Christmas dance. Most of the people danced and danced – some into the next morning. The children were put to bed on blankets…”[34a]

1878  LYNNE RELIEF SOCIETY 

On the 5th of May 1878 the Relief Society was separated from the Mariottsville Settlement, and a separate organization of the Lynne Ward Relief Society was effected with the following officers: Mary Baird, President; Suzanah Empey and Stova Thomas, counselors; Amelda Hutchens Crowley, secretary; Bodell Christofferson, treasurer.  After a few years Sister Baird, being quite aged, resigned and Sister Stova Thomas was made president and continued in that position until the stake was divided in 1908.[34b]

1878-1881 LYNNE WARD REPORT 

During the past 4 years up to the present little change has occurred in the settlement, it being ecclesiastically continued under the direction of the same officers. Good day Sabbath schools have been in continuous sessions under able instructors. The settlers have had good fruit seasons and gathered extensively from their orchards and farms. While the local interests have been represented in the Ogden City Council by Alderman Wm. B. Hutchens, the settlement generally has enjoyed a time of peace and prosperity.

A Young Ladies Mutual Improvement Association was organized in the Lynne Ward March 27, 1879, with Sister Jane Taylor Baird as president.

A Primary Association was organized in the Lynne Ward June 30, 1880 with Mrs. Janet Perry as president, Martha Harrop and Geneva Miller counselors.[34c]

In 1880 diphtheria prevailed in the settlement, resulting in the death of six children with much affliction in many families. A collection was made for the poor of the ward with means thus obtained: 3 cows, and 11 sheep were purchased. The profits arising from this stock constituted a fund for a little revenue to aid the poor.

Jens Franzen and Rasmus Christofferson were called on missions to Scandanavia in 1881.[35]

Photo 2000

Tithing house for the Lynne Ward in the 1880s was on counselor William Hutchens’ property; today at 196 2nd St.; photo 2000.

PRES. JOHN TAYLOR, JOHN SMITH & PATRIARICHIAL BLESSINGS

William B. Hutchens served as first counselor to Bishop Daniel Thomas of the Lynne Ward from 1876-1885. Since the Hutchens home at 152 W. 2nd Street was next to the schoolhouse which served as the church, the visiting authorities of the church were entertained in the Hutchens home. President John Taylor, third president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was one of those who visited here. John Smith, the son of Hyrum Smith, was the second patriarch of the church; he stayed at the Hutchens home several times giving patriarchal blessings to the members of the community.[35a]

Home of William B. Hutchens/ Vic Reno in about 1930.

Home of William B. Hutchens/ Vic Reno in about 1930; built in 1868.

TODAY: 152 West 2nd Street

TODAY: 152 West 2nd Street; photo 2012.

1882 EDMUNDS ACT 

In 1882 the Edmunds Act, also known as the Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Act of 1882, was passed in the congress of the United States declaring polygamy a felony. The Lynne Ward was duly incorporated in order to hold the legal title to ward property….. Peter Sherner left on a mission to Minnesota and also served part time in Denmark ……………

Erastus Bingham

Erastus Bingham

Erastus Bingham, first bishop of the ward, stalwart pioneer and leader among men, died in May 1882 in his cabin on the Bingham Farm.  His second wife, whom every one knew as Aunt Hitty, her name being Mahitable (Sawyer Hall),now a widow, was kept very busy as a midwife. The cheese she made was known as the best to be had. [36]

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1883 DISSENTION 

In 1883 quite a spiritual dissention existed in the ward, arising largely from the influence exercised by Wm. Laird who had been excommunicated from the church some time previously. Quite a number of the brethren in the ward under his influence began fault finding and criticizing the policy of the church. This skepticism on doctrinal subject led to the excommunication of six male members.[37]

1885 LYNNE TEACHERS QUORUM  

Several new stores were built at Five Points in answer to petitions in 1884.

In 1885 Counselor William B. Hutchens died Oct. 18 of pneumonia. He had been faithful and energetic church worker identified with all the business and building of the ward from the first settlement in the early 1850s.

A teachers quorum was organized at Lynne December 20, 1885 by Charles F. Middleton of the Weber Stake presidency. On December 7, 1885 George Smuin was ordained a high priest and set apart as a first counselor to Bishop Thomas by Stake President Lewis W. Shurtliff.

This year a saloon was opened in Lynne. Former enterprise of that kind had hitherto failed for the lack of capitol but now since the gentile population was increasing this saloon enterprise became quite a success.[38]

Squire Green Crowley

Squire Green Crowley

Fred N. Stone recalled:  “In the way of amusement in the ward there was always plenty of entertainment to be thought of, as all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.  There was a dancing hall owned by Brother Squire Green Crowley, the school teacher.  The hall was built were the Corlis property now is (the NE corner of Childs and 2nd St.).  A home dramatics club was organized and credited with outstanding plays.  Also each association in the ward sponsored a program.  There were carpet rag bees, fruit cutting bees and numerous other activities, each calling for a supper and a dance. [38a]

1886-1887 LYNNE WARD REPORT 

In 1886 Bishop Daniel Francis Thomas was called on a mission to Great Britian and Myrtillo Shaw on a mission to the United States. Bishop Thomas was set apart Jan. 30th 1886 and returned in 1887. Elder Shaw was set apart Jan 24th, 1886, and returned about six months later owing to ill health.

At a special meeting held September 11, 1887, in which the 70s residing in Marriott, Lynne and Mount Fort wards were organized as the 98th Quorum of 70.[39]

1888-1889 POLYGAMY & PRISON

In the first district Court of Ogden, May 31, 1888, Bishop Daniel F. Thomas was sentenced by Judge Henderson to 3 months in prison in the Utah Penitentiary, to pay a fine of $300 having been convicted of so-called unlawful co-habitation. The bishop felt very much depressed in spirit over his incarceration and his health became much impaired by his confinement (for more stories about local polygamy see 317 W. 2nd St.).

Daniel F. Thomas served similar to these prisoners for polygamy.

Daniel F. Thomas served similar to these prisoners for polygamy.

In Lynne a crew of men tore down the remaining portions of the old Bingham Fort walls that extended in a three block area on both sides of 2nd Street.

In 1889 a number of old settlers died in 1889 at Lynne, faithful and true to the last. .   William Perry became president of the teachers quorum.  The names of the roads in Ogden and Lynne were changed by the Ogden mayor in order to erase the Mormon names of streets .[40]

 

Ellen K. M. Salisbury

Ellen K. M. Salisbury

In 1889 a new Latter-day Saints Psalmody was published for the Church.  Ward member Ellen Knowles Melling Salisbury, age 69,  and John Jacques teamed together to combine his poem and her music into the song known today as “Oh Say, What Is Truth“.[40a]
latterdaysaintsp00unse_0001
o say what is truth jacques

1890 BISHOP GEORGE SMUIN   

Bishop Daniel F. Thomas died suddenly at Lynne on Wednesday July 30, 1890, while working in the field about 4 o’clock in the afternoon. He was overcome by the heat and died a few minutes afterwards. He had been complaining a little for some time. Daniel Francis Thomas, bishop of Lynne Ward, was born Ap. 13, 1826 at Pennyall in the parish of Llangfyhandclararth, Camarthenshire, S. Wales.”

At a ward conference held in Lynne on Oct. 26, 1890, attended by the Weber Stake Presidency, George Smuin was sustained as bishop of the Lynne Ward with Rasmus Christofferson as his 1st counselor and Walter W. Crane as his 2nd counselor. Walter W. Crane was set apart for a mission to Great Britian, Oct. 25, 1890, and returned Nov. 24, 1892.  Bishop Smuin would serve for the next 18 years as bishop, guiding the ward through the manifesto, statehood, the end of the People’s Party, and the expanding growth on the east side of Lynne. [41]

Left:Rasmus Christofferson; Center: George Smuin.

L to R: Rasmus Christofferson, Bishop George Smuin, Carl O. Turnquist.

1890-1892  MANIFESTO &  CROWLEY HALL 

The “1890 Manifesto” (also known as the “Woodruff Manifesto” or the “Anti-polygamy Manifesto”) was a statement which officially advised against any future plural marriage in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Issued by church president Wilford Woodruff in September 1890, the Manifesto was a response to mounting anti-polygamy pressure from the United States Congress which by 1890 had disincorporated the church, escheated its assets to the U. S. Federal government, and imprisoned many prominent polygamist Mormons. Upon its issuance, the LDS Church in conference accepted Woodruff’s Manifesto as “authoritative and binding”.[42]

Squire Green Crowley

Squire Green Crowley

In this same year Ogden City annexed Five Points and took over the management of Lynne School.  The Mormons were no longer allowed to use the school for meetings so they rented the Crowley Hall on Harrisville Road from Squire Green Crowley.  The ecclesiastical board set to work and improved the old Crowley Hall, built an addition to the building, painted it, furnished it with new seats and other improvements, making it very comfortable for Sabbath School students as well as for general meetings at a cost of $1900. A new organ was also purchased for the house.

YESTERDAY: Crowley Hall at 37 Harrisville Road was converted into a meetinghouse for the Lynne Ward.

YESTERDAY: Crowley Hall at 37 Harrisville Road looked like this photo of the Mound Fort Ward which reportedly looked the same.

Fred N. Stone described happy hours in the meetinghouse on Harrisville Road: Sister Thomas, who was still president of Relief Society, and her counselor, Eliza Smuin, and Bishop Smuin were all very happy when entertaining.  They came to the meetinghouse with baskets, wash tubs, and boxes of food, and all members of the ward in general brought food, and banquets were freely enjoyed by all.

Lynne Ward Meetinghouse in 1906.

Crowley Hall converted to Lynne Ward Meetinghouse and was used from 1890- 1914; in 1915 this hall was used for scouting and was called “The Old Scouts’ Hall”.

In 1890 and 1891 the land boom struck Ogden and the real estate in Lynne went up to extraordinary high figures. Some of the settlers sold at Five Points and vacated in favor of business enterprises. The population of the district largely increased. Stores, saloons, real estate agencies etc. were established. Also a Methodist Church was built.[42a]

1891-1892  POLITICAL AGITATION IN LYNNE WARD 

The Mormon People’s Party was dissolved in 1891, and Mormons were no longer counseled to vote for the church selected candidates of the People’s party. There was considerable excitement in the latter part of 1891 over the end of the People’s party and division of Mormon church members into party lines of choice, although Bishop Smuin strove to direct equal numbers into both parties.

In 1892 the LDS Democrats and Republicans competed against the Liberal candidates.   Political agitation reached fever heat in the Lynne Community. Some of the Mormon brethren were carried away in their zeal over political questions against those of their faith who did not share their political views.

In 1892 a special census was taken of the Lynne Community of Ogden showing 931 souls altogether and mostly farmers. “Of the population 570 (or 107 families) were Mormons and 386 souls (or 78 families) gentiles. There were 159 boys and 152 girls school age.” The census shows the continuing distinction between Mormons and gentiles that would carry on for decades even after the polygamy animosity faded.[43]

This is a book published in 1891 used first by the Lynne Synday School and later by the Lynne Primary.

This is a book published in 1891 used first by the Lynne Sunday School and later by the Lynne Primary; book compliment of Brenda Zehnpfenning.

ward history 1896 ward history

1893-1894 CHURCH HISTORIAN’S VISIT to LYNNE WARD AND QUARTERLY CONFERENCE 

In 1893  LDS Church Historian Andrew Jensen visited Lynne Ward in the interest of church history. He addressed the public congregation in the Lynne Meeting hall the evening of Jan 25, 1893, and the next day met with the old settlers to obtain information form the following persons: Bishop George Smuin, and counselors Rasmus Christofferson and Walter W. Crane, Joseph Stanford, Alexander Brown, Jesse Brown, James Field, Peter L. Sherner and Joseph Gart.

As early as 1894 the New West Education Society erected a very commodious schoolhouse at Five Points, claimed to be nonsectarian; it had been liberally patronized by gentiles and apostates and a very few Mormon families. At this time (1894) there were at Five Points three stores selling merchandise, one drug store, two shoe stores, two tailoring establishments, three blacksmith shops, one butcher shop, one skating rink, several or three saloons and a number of real estate offices, doctors, lawyers, etc.[44]

Ellen Knowles Melling Salisbury, a member of Lynne Relief Society, attended quarterly conference in 1894 and recorded:

Ellen K. M. Salisbury

Ellen K. M. Salisbury

On the 13th Jan. 1894 I attended quarterly conference. Brigham Young Jr. spoke. He prophesied that the Indians would take charge of the shipping at New York of the incoming and outgoing vessels. In the afternoon, John W. Taylor spoke about having our new tabernacle built. He said for the young sisters to go to and pack water to mix the lime and he would come and mix it for them. He said Enoch walked with the Lord and He commanded him to talk with the people and the people listened to him.

I attended meeting on the 14th of Jan. 1894. Brother F. D. Richards spoke at length on keeping a diary and about getting our genealogy. In the afternoon Brigham Young Jr. spoke on paying tithing, that the Lord had said he had promised to protect us (if we payed our tithing). John W. Taylor spoke on lack of confidence. He said we should strive to pursue a course in our lives to establish confidence in each other, as confidence seemed almost gone from the world. He also said wherein men forsook their families God would forsake them and spoke on people being honest with each other.[45]

.

.

c. 1894   24th OF JULY  LYNNE WARD

Alexander Brown (1826-1910)

Alexander Brown (1826-1910)

Jesse Brown (1829-1910)

Jesse Brown (1829-1905)

Fred N. Stone wrote:  “Another feature of amusement was a grove of poplar trees owned by Brother Peter S. Sherner which he offered as a recreational place for ward celebration.  On the 24th of July this was the place.  All gathered at the meeting house early in the morning and marched down to the grove.  Brother Jesse Brown, a member of the Mormon Battalion, marched in front carrying a giant sun flower stalk, and also Brother Alexander Brown made a speech about how they and their father, Captain James Brown, were the first to plow a furrow of ground on the site of Ogden City.  We had a program of songs and speeches, music by a band.  In the afternoon games, races, swings and other amusements and refreshments, and all together a gala day was passed.”[45a]

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1896 STATEHOOD AND MISSIONARIES

On January 4, 1896, President Cleveland proclaimed Utah a state on an equal footing with the other states of the Union.  Finally! Utahns throughout the new 45th state celebrated.
Many missionaries were sent from Lynne during the last half of the 1890s.  Carl Yohan Renstron, Peter Sherner, John Peter Lofgren, and Alex L. Holmgren were sent to Scandinavia.  William Dudley Shaw, William Cyrus, and William C. Field were sent to the eastern states. [46]

1897  On July 24th Utah celebrated the 50 year anniversary of the arrival of the pioneers

                           Rozina Shaw Sherner’s souvenir of the Jubilee in 1897 is pictured above; the celebration extended five days, from July 20th to the 25th.

1900 LYNNE WARD

The numerical strength of the Lynne Ward on December 31, 1900, was 503 souls, namely 13 high priests, 17 seventies, 34 elders, 17 teachers, 27 deacons, 279 lay members, 116 children under 8 years of age. The principal officers of the ward at the close of the century were the following: Bishop George Smuin, Rasmus Christofferson 1st counselor, and Walter W. Crane 2nd counselor.[47]

Receipt for donation to the Bishop's Storehouse

Tithing receipt

1900-1908 SUNDAY SCHOOL

Lynne Ward Sunday School c. 1904

Lynne Ward Sunday School c. 1906.

Lynne Ward Sunday School c. 1904.  Row 1: —, —, Elbert Drumiler, Walter Crowther, —-, —–, —-, —–. Unknown boys leaning on elbows in front. Row 2: —, Grace Mills, —, —, Rasmus Christofferson, Bishop Smuin, Carl Turnquist, —,—,Nettie Shaw.  Row 3:  —,—, Ole Olson, –, –, Thomas Irvine, Lawrence Sherner, —, —, —, —. Row 4: unknown.

Sunday School:   Until the early 1900s, only children were taught by the Sunday School. Eventually, classes were added for the youth of the church; in 1904, an adult Sunday School class was created. David O McKay was 2nd Assistant Stake Superintendent of Sunday Schools in the Weber Stake until he was called as an apostle in April 1906. Because of his devotion to the Sunday School cause, a testimonial was given in his honor by the Weber Stake on May 16, 1906.  Many members of the Lynne Ward attended.

Booklet given to attendees of reception for David O. McKay in May 1906, p. 3, 4.

Booklet given to attendees of reception for David O. McKay in May 1906, p. 3, 4.

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LYNNE AND SCANDINAVIAN IMMIGRANTS

George Smuin started a nursery business in the 1870s that brought many Scandinavian immigrants to work in his strawberry fields and settle on the east side of the ward.  He helped the new settlers establish homes and get employment, and after becoming bishop George Smuin and Rasmus Christofferson continued as special benefactors to the Scandinavian settlers. Rasmus Christofferson was fluent in Danish and served as president of the Scandinavian Society as well as a counselor to Bishop Smuin. Caroline Harrop was called to be a Norwegian interpreter for Relief Society.  The Scandinavian people were so appreciative of their help that they surprised Bishop George Smuin and his counselor, Rasmus Christofferson, with special gifts in gratitude of their selfless service, trust, and friendship.[48]

George Smuin house on Adams Ave. between 4th and 5th Streets.

George Smuin house once stood on Adams Ave. between 4th and 5th Streets.

On Aug. 2, 1908, the Lynne Ward was divided.  The part lying east of Washington Avenue became part of the new Ogden 8th Ward in the newly created Ogden Stake.  The part of the ward lying west of Washington Avenue remained the Lynne Ward in the newly created North Weber Stake.

Bishop Smuin lived on the east side and was released after serving for eighteen years as bishop of the Lynne Ward, the last of the pioneer leadership.  The first five bishops or presidents were all pioneers, three of them emigrants. Their combined service spanned 57 years. [49]

1908-1916 LYNNE WARD

Carl O. Turnquist

Bishop Carl O. Turnquist (1880-1940)

On November 1, 1908, Carl O. Turnquist was ordained a bishop and set apart as the bishop of the Lynne Ward by Orson F. Whitney.   He was born April 25, 1880, in Karbenning, Sweden.  He was baptized in 1891 at age 11 and emigrated in June of the same year.  On June 1, 1908, he married Harriett Sherner, the Five Points daughter of Peter Sherner and Mary Hutchens.  Five months later he was called as bishop of the Lynne Ward.  Carl and Harriett built a house east of Peter Sherner at 128 2nd Street.[50]

128 2nd St. home of Carl and Harriett Turnquist built in 1908.

YESTERDAY: 128 2nd St., home of Carl and Harriett Turnquist built in 1908.

128 2nd Street today; photo 2012.

TODAY: 128 2nd Street; photo 2012.

On September 5, 1915, the building of a new chapel on the triangle at Five Points commenced under the supervision of Bishop Turnquist.  The new red brick building was constructed at the cost of $20,000 and was not dedicated until debt free in 1926.[51]

Building Committee of the Lynne Ward/Ogden 15th Ward on triangle at Five Points.

Building Committee of the Lynne Ward/Ogden 15th Ward on triangle at Five Points; photo courtesy Delma Naeff.

Lynne Ward at Five Points, 1915-1963.

New Lynne Ward chapel at Five Points, 1915-1964; architect William Fife.

TODAY,Bank of Utah

TODAY: Bank of Utah

Relief Society President Florence Cunningham Hunter served from 1910 to 1914.  Then she was called again and served from 1916 to 1920 and a third time from 1937-1943. [51a]

Florence Cunningham Hunter

Florence Cunningham Hunter

1916-1926 LYNNE WARD/OGDEN 15TH WARD

In 1916 Lawrence Sherner was sustained as bishop of the Lynne Ward; he was the son of Peter Sherner and Mary Hutchens.  He married Rozina Shaw in 1900 and built the house at 218 2nd Street in 1901.

Larence Sherner and Rozina Shaw Sherner

Larence Sherner and Rozina Shaw Sherner

Lawrence Sherner house at 218 2nd St.; photo 1920.

Lawrence Sherner house at 218 2nd St.; photo c. 1920.

TODAY

TODAY: 218 2nd St.

About this time the world flu epidemic came unbidden to Five Points, and nearly every family lost a family member to its scourge. Then prohibition became a political issue, and there was growing awareness of the erratic stock market. The men in the bishopric of the Lynne Ward were devoted servants to the community during these difficult times, and the new meetinghouse at Five Points was a real bright spot for the Mormons and many non Mormons too. It was a spacious building, well designed, located on the triangle next to Smoot Park. Ward meetings, interviews and social events were held here. Everyone was proud of the chapel. On Janruary 1, 1924, the name of the ward was changed from Lynne Ward to the Ogden 15th Ward of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[52]

Ogden 15th Ward Sunday School class, c. 1923; row 2: ---, Don Sherner, --,--,--, Tug Anderson,---, ---(email us if you can identify anyone).

Lynne Ward Sunday School class, c. 1923; row 2: Teacher Harold Bramwell, Don Sherner, –,–,–, Tug Anderson, Calvin Pitt ?, teacher Harry Johnson. Row 1: unidentified (email us if you can identify anyone).  Name of ward changed in 1924.

1926-1942  Ogden 15th Ward

Earl Edward Lee (1896- 1974)

Earl Edward Lee (1896- 1974)

On March 24, 1926, Earl E. Lee was ordained a bishop and set apart to preside over the Ogden 15th Ward by David O. McKay.  David M. Shaw and Harold L. Ferrin were his counselors.  Later Lubin A. Welker and Charles W. Wimmer served as counselors.  Earl E. Lee was born September 2, 1896 in Ogden. In 1920 he married Bertha Shaw, and they built a house at 549 Washington Ave. next to Bertha’s parents.  In 1941 the public recognized him as the brother of the new apostle, Harold B. Lee.

SE - Lee 1927

During the 1920s and the 1930s the ward and stake fostered basketball teams and roadshows.

15th Ward Champs at stake house, 1934-35. Rulon Childs, Warren Stone, Dee Ellwell, Jackie Card, --- Irvine, Clyde Bramwell, Clyde Douglas, -- Phillips. Front Row: Joe Clapier, Joe Vanderstein, Johnny Maero.

15th Ward Champs at stake house, 1934-35.
Rulon Childs, Warren Stone, Dee Ellwell, Jackie Card, — Irvine, Clyde Bramwell, Clyde Douglas, — Phillips. Front Row: Joe Clapier, Joe Vanderstein, Johnny Maero; photo courtesy Tug Anderson.

Ogden 15th Ward Mutual play,

Ogden 15th Ward Mutual play, “The Bride and Groom”. L to R: Charles Child, Buster Williams, Lynn Miller, Hazel Anderson (arms up), Ruth Phillips (arms up) Pearl Phillips (seated), Howard Pierce (lying down); photo courtesy Hazel Anderson Greenwood.

The Bride and Groom was taken to many wards in Ogden.  The ward production received $10 each night of performance.  When the season was over they had a party and dance at Crystal Springs to celebrate.

Back Row: Clarence Leavitt, Lenard Leavitt, Ed Oleson. Front Row: ------- , Arthur Anderson, Walter Bolander.

Back Row: Clarence Leavitt, Lenard Leavitt, Ed Oleson. Front Row: ——- , Arthur Anderson, Walter Bolander; photo Hazel Anderson Greenwood.

In September 1934, David O. McKay appointed Thomas M. Irvine of 134 2nd Street, a member of the Ogden 15th Ward, as president of the North Weber Stake.

1943 - Thomas Irvine appointed president of North Weber Stake.

136 2nd Street, built 1907 by Thomas and Julia Sherner Irvine

YESTERDAY AND TODAY: Thomas Irvine house at 134 2nd St., built 1907.

On Jan 18, 1942, the North Weber Stake was divided and the Ogden 15th Ward became part of the newly created Farr West Stake.[53]  In February 1943 a social and dance was given in the auditorium of the Lincoln School in honor of the retiring bishopric.

SE - release Earl Lee 1943

1943-1947,  Ogden 15th Ward

Robert Cunningham, Bishop Charles Wimmer, Earl E. Lee. Behind: Clifton Larsen, Brother Brady.

Robert Cunningham, Bishop Charles Wimmer, Earl E. Lee. Behind: Clifton Larsen, Elmo Brady.

On January 31, 1943, Charles W. Wimmer became bishop of the Ogden 15th Ward. He was born in 1889 in Parawon, Utah, and married Neta Benson in 1910.  His job brought him to Five Points; he was employed at the Utah State Industrial School for 42 years; he also had worked for the U.S. Postal service at the Ben Lomond station.

He organized the first Boy Scout troop in Weber County and later received the Silver Bear Award. He was long remembered and loved by the youth of the ward.  He later became president of the Farr West Stake.[54] Following are copies of the   ward news to uplift Saints and remember the soldiers during World War ll.

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First Presidency in 1945

First Presidency in 1945

1947-1954 OGDEN 15TH WARD

Samuel Robert Cunningham

Bishop Samuel Robert (Bert) Cunningham

On December 28, 1947 Samuel Robert (Bert) Cunningham was called as bishop with counselors Joseph Brockbank and Stanley Dabb.  At the same time the south part of the ward was moved into the Lomond View Ward.  Later Clifton B. Larsen and LeRoy A. Mickelson served as counselors.

Bishop Cunningham began to hold Ward Reunions which helped to unite the members.  The chapel at Five Points did not have a cultural hall.  He came up with a method to easily remove the pews and put them up in the choir loft so the room could now be used for recreational gatherings, then reset for Sunday meetings.

Rather than remodel the chapel at Five Points, the Church authorities decided to build a new building in another location.  Bishop Cunningham initiated the building fund drives to raise the necessary funds.  Because the building fund assessment was large and it would be a heavy strain financially on his ward members, he sought other ways to raise money.

1. The Utah-Idaho Central Railroad and the Ogden Transit Streetcar rails had both become obsolete.  He procured rights to remove the rails and rail ties for salvage value with members donating time.

2. They let the basement of the chapel be used by the Lion’s Club to hold their monthly meetings with the Relief Society providing a lunch for a fee.

3. With donated labor, the Fifteenth Ward built a home at Second and Pingree Street in Ogden, with the increase from the sale of it going to support the building fund.

Bishop Cunningham had other creative ways to raise the necessary funds.  However, the actual planning of the new building itself was carried out by the bishop following his release.

At age eight Bert had been baptized a member of the Church in George Smuin’s Pond between 5th and 6th Street at the bottom of the hill.  Following his baptism he spent 17 years inactive. When serving as bishop he gave encouragement and compassion to others like himself who had not advanced as youth in the church.  He worked diligently with the Senior Aaronic program, and this resulted in five couples advancing to the Logan Temple to be sealed.[55]

Athelia Spears Irvine

Athelia Spears Irvine

Relief Society President Athelia Spears Irvine served from 1950-1954.  Under her leadership the sisters helped with the upkeep and repair of the building and served dinners to clubs and public groups to earn money toward the maintenance of the ward.[55a]

1954-1955

Norman Farr, Bishop Clifton Larson, Moyle Moss. Back: Wayne Winder, Robert Falkman.

Norman Farr, Bishop Clifton B. Larson, Moyle Moss. Back: Wayne Winder, Robert Falkman.

On February 7, 1954, Clifton B. Larson became bishop of the Ogden 15th Ward.

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1955-1957

Leslie Cunningham, Bishop Elmo C. Brady, Jim Sherman. Back: Robert Brauns, Norman Farr, Robert Folkman.

Leslie Cunningham, Bishop Elmo C. Brady, Jim Sherman. Back: Robert Brauns, Norman Farr, Robert Folkman.

On July 21, 1955, Elmo C. Brady became bishop of the Ogden 15th Ward.

On Jan 27, 1957, Nicholas C. Baker became bishop of the Ogden 15th Ward.

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1957-1962

Robert Folkman, Bishop Norman Farr, James Collier. Back: Wallace Haun, -- McIntire, Bert Cunningham.

Robert Folkman, Bishop Norman Farr, James Collier. Back: Wallace Haun, — McIntire, Bert Cunningham.

On December 15, 1957, Norman Farr became bishop of the Ogden 15th  Ward.

Doris Folkman, President LaVenia Palmer, Hortense Leavitt, Sec. Hortense Phipps.

Doris Folkman, R.S.President LaVenia Palmer, Hortense Leavitt, & Secretary Hortense Phipps.

Relief Society President LaVenia Palmer served from 1959 to 1962.  During this time the RS presidency labored under much difficulty.  The ward building was sold to the Bank of Utah for the Ben Lomond office, and the Fifteenth Ward shared the Harrisville Ward chapel while work continued on the new chapel.  Auxillary meetings were held in homes, and it was hard to keep the members together.  The sisters helped in building the new chapel, and even put on shingles, and raised money by giving dinners, selling Watkins products and Christmas cards.  By 1962 the new ward building at 133 Childs Ave. was completed. [55b]

The former Ogden 15th Ward became Bank of Utah; photo 1986.

The former Ogden 15th Ward became Bank of Utah ; photo 1986.

TODAY Bank of Utah; photo 2004.

TODAY Bank of Utah; photo 2004.

1962-1967

On January 13, 1962, Menno R. Penner became bishop of the Ogden 15th Ward with Theron Hill and Alma Swann as counselors.  Meetings were now held in the new building on Childs Ave. but fund raisers continued to finish paying off debts.  Thora Hill served as Relief Society president from 1962-1963.  To raise money for the building fund the sisters had one of the most successful bazaars ever held, raising $150.

Elsie Strong served as RS president from 1963-1964.  Because of the success of the bazaar the previous year another Special Bazaar was held, raising $399.95.

On January 19, 1964, President N. Eldon Tanner dedicated the new brick church building serving the Ogden Fifteenth Ward, Lomond View Ward and the Farr West Stake Center.  The cost was $420,700.

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1964 stake center for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Now called the Harrisville 8th Ward.

Stake center of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 113 Childs Ave., was dedicated in Jan. 1964.

Dedicated by Daughters of the Utah Pioneers in 1963.

Settlement of Lynne plaque dedicated by Daughters of the Utah Pioneers in 1963; displayed by S. front entrance of the new chapel.

1967-1971

On October 22, 1967, Alton F. Richards was made bishop with Joseph C. Brockbank and Michael Mcfarlane as counselors.

1971-1978

On July 11, 1971, Theron N. Hill was sustained as bishop with Roscoe Palmer and Ferril Naef as counselors.  Due to the accidental death of Roscoe Palmer, Melvin Rogers was sustained as the new counselor.

1978-1983

On January 15, 1978, Alma G. Swann was sustained as bishop with Derwin Orgill and Glen Ralphs as counselors.

1983-1985

On February 27, 1983, Rich Humphreys was sustained as bishop with John Griffin and Scott Barrow as counselors.

1985- 1988

On November 3, 1985, LeRoy Racham was sustained as bishop with Nick Baker Jr. and Derwin J. Orgill as counselors. [56]

1988-1992

In February 1988 Derwin J. Orgill was sustained as bishop with Sean McCleve and David Collins as counselors.

1992-1993

In March 1992 Bruce T. Griffin was sustained as bishop with Sean McCleve and Douglass S. Cannon as counselors.

1993-1999

In November 1993 Douglass S. Cannon was sustained as bishop with Paul Nanny and Brent Rose.

1999- 2004

On April 11, 1999, Timothy O’Sean McCleve was sustained as bishop with Oliver Bennett and Jared Bowden.

OGDEN 15TH WARD CHANGED TO HARRISVILLE 8TH WARD APRIL 28, 2002

2004- 2008

In September 2004 Steve Berger was sustained as bishop.

2008- 2010

In February 2008 Travis Marker was sustained as bishop with Andrew Sproul and Christian Hall.

2010- 2013

In May 2010 Jason Michel was sustained as bishop with Taylor Herrin and Eric Hadfield (later Tyler King) as counselors.

2013- present

On September 29, 2013,  Victor Saunders was called as bishop with Devin Jorgensen (later James Nixon) and Leon Trappett (later Drew Hadley) as counselors.

REFERENCES


[1] Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, Weber County’s History, Weber County Commission, 2000, p.57, 61; Andrew Jensen, The History of the Lynne/Ogden 15th Ward, microfilm call # LR 6405 2, LDS Church History Library; Joyce B. Maw, Ogden Pioneer Forts and The People Who Lived There, manuscript, 2006, p. 116.

[2] Ogden City, A Bulletin of Community News, March 2008, p.2.

[3] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, 1893, p. 2.

[4]Luman Andros Shurliff, His Personal History 1807-1884, printed at Litho grafics inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, p. 91-93.

[5] Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, Weber County’s History, p.70.

[6] Andrew Jensen, History of Lynne Ward, manuscript, 1893, p. 2.

[7] Luman Andros Shurliff, His Personal History 1807-1884, printed at Litho grafics inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, p. 95.

[8] Editors Elden J. and Anne S. Watson, The Isaac Newton Goodale Journal 1850-1857, manuscript, transcribed 1981, p. 52;  Andrew Jensen, History of Lynne Ward, p. 2.

[8a] Joyce B. Maw, Isaac Newton Goodale Life History, manuscript, p. 13.

[8b] James S. Brown, Life of A Pioneer, Geo. Q. Cannon & Sones Co., Printers, Salt Lake City, Utah, p. 348-350.

[9]Andrew Jensen, History of Lynne Ward, p. 2; Editors Elden J. and Anne S. Watson, The Isaac Newton Goodale Journal 1850-1857, p. 79.

[10] James S. Brown, Life of A Pioneer, p. 348-350.

[11] Gwendolyn W. Shaw, History of Bingham’s Fort, manuscript, 1928, Weber College, Ogden Utah, p. 4; Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.2, 3;  Andrew Jensen, History of Slaterville, manuscript, 1893, p. 2.

[11a] Franklin L. West, Chauncey W. West, Pioneer – Churchman, 1965, p. 20, 21; Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, A History of Weber County, p. 164.

[12] Andrew Jensen, History of Lynne, manuscript, p. 2; Editor Milton R. Hunter, Beneath Ben Lomond’s Peak, 1944, Quality Press, SLC Utah, p. 182.

[13] Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, A History of Weber County, p. 164-166; Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 3;  Editors Elden J. and Anne S. Watson, The Isaac Newton Goodale Journal 1850-1857, p. 113,114. [14]Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, A History of Weber County, p. 100.

[15] F. A. Miller, A Brief History of the Life of Frederick Andrus Miller, p.2, 3.

[16] Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, A History of Weber County, p.101; Elvera Manful, Pioneer Personal History Mrs. Mary Elizabeth James Jones, Federal Writers Project, 1939, p. 3; Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.3.

[17] Andrew Jensen, History of Slaterville, p. 5; w.c.rootsweb.ancestry.com (9/16/2014).

[18] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.4, 5; w.c.rootsweb.ancestry.com (9/16/2914).

[19] Ibid; Tullidge’s History Vol. 11, article on Chauncey West mentioned that soon after West returned in 1863 from presiding over the European Mission, all of Weber County was combined into one ward, but then divided into districts on Oct. 25, 1863; Journal of Nancy Jane Gates, 1869-1869, manuscript, p. 4.

[19a]  w.c.rootsweb.ancestry.com (9/16/2014)

[20] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 5

[20a] Karen Stark, Stories From the Collection of the Weber County Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum, 2012, p. 29.

[21] Ibid; Dorothy Amelda Sherner and Laura Sherner Welker, Mary Elizabeth- Her Stories, p. 38.

[21a] Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, manuscript, 1934,  p. 2.

[22] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.5; Journal of Nancy Jane Gates, manuscript, p.2;  Life History of Nancy Marinda Tracy Moyes, written by herself, manuscript, c. 1920, p. 10; History of Marriott, Utah, www.johnmarriotths.org.

[22a] DUP Lesson April 2010, Eliza R. Snow, by Dawn Daines Thayne, p. 362; Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 1; oral interview with Edna K. Stone.

[23] Caroline Peterson Harrop, autobiographical sketch.

[24] DUP Lesson April 2010, Eliza R. Snow, by Dawna Daines Thayne, p.362; History of Weber County Schools, A Social Studies Project of Weber Co. Schools, 3rd grade, 1966, p. 17; Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, A History of Weber County, p. 131.

[25] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.5.

[26] Ibid.

[27] Ibid, p.6; Dorothy Amelda Sherner and Laura Sherner Welker, Mary Elizabeth- Her Stories, p. 48.

[28] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.6, 7.

[29] Richard W. Sadler and Richard C. Roberts, A History of Weber County, p. 158.

[30] Dorothy Amelda Sherner and Laura Sherner Welker, Mary Elizabeth- Her Stories, p.54.

[31] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.7, 8; photo of Scoville Broom Factory p. 310 Beneath Ben Lomond’s Peak.

[32] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 8.

[33] Ibid

[33a] Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 1, 2.

[34] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 8.

[34a] Sarah Stone Crowther, Sarah’s Christmas Story, manuscript, typed 1959, p.1.

[34b] Ibid; Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 2.

[34c]  Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 3.

[35] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 8,9.

[35a] Lucile Parry Peterson, William Birch Hutchens, manuscript.

[36] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 9; Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 1.

[37] Ibid p. 9, 10. Names of those excommunicated were John Erickson, Fred Blumquist, Mads C. Jensen, Peter J. Thorsted, Eric Lundstrom, and John Groberg.

[38] Ibid p. 10.

[38a] Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 3.

[39] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 10.

[40] Ibid.

[40a] Autobiography of Mary Ellen Melling Stone Crane, p.1; oral interview Chauncey Stone to Anna Stone Keogh.

[41]  Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 11.

[42] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1890_Manifesto

[42a] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 11; Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 2.

[43] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p. 11,12.

[44] Ibid, p. 12.

[45] Autobiography of Ellen Knowles Melling Salisbury, manuscript, 1894, p.2.

[45A] Fred N. Stone, A Reminiscent History of the Lynne Ward, p. 3.

[46] Andrew Jensen, History of the Lynne Ward, p.12,13.

[47] Ibid, p.13.

[48] Lillian Christofferson Linton, Biography of Rasmus Erastus Christofferson, Original Pioneer 1861, manuscript, p.5;
Grant Lefgren, A History of the Smuin Family, manuscript, 2013.

[49] Editor Ida Mae D. Hipwell, Ogden Utah Weber North Stake, Pabco Printing Co., c. 1985, p. 292.

[50] Ibid.

[51] Ibid, p. 293.

[51a] Lorna Schlote, History of the 15th Ward Relief Society, 1986 .

[52] Editor Ida Mae D. Hipwell, Ogden Utah Weber North Stake, Pabco Printing Co., p. 293.; Colleen Blankenship, Lawrenc William Sherner, manuscript, 2004, p.4; History of the Ogden 15th Ward, p. 13.

[53] Editor Ida Mae D. Hipwell, Ogden Utah Weber North Stake, p. 293; Interview Hazel Anderson Greenwood.

[54] Lorna B. Schlote, History of the Ogden 15th Ward, formerly known as Lynne, manuscript, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1985, p.3; Ogden Standard Examiner, 90th Birthday To Be Observed, Oct. 10, 1979.

[55] Bishop Samuel Robert (Bert or S. R.) Cummingham, Bishop of the Ogden 15th Ward, December 1947 to January 1954, manuscript, p. 1, 3-5.

[55a] Lorna Schlote, History of the 15th Ward Relief Society, 1986.

[55b] Ibid; photo of 1986 Bank of Utah in Ogden Utah Weber North Stake, p. 293, Editor Ida Mae D. Hipwell.

[56] Lorna B. Schlote, History of the Ogden 15th Ward, formerly known as Lynne, p. 3,4.

One Response to “History of Lynne Ward/ Ogden 15th Ward/ Harrisville 8th Ward”

  1. Colleen Blankenship said

    I enjoyed reading this article and viewing the photos! I am a granddaughter of Lawrence Sherner. The homes on 2nd Street are important to the history–I wish the Lynne boundaries could be designated as a historical district. I am presently writing an extensive biography of two residents of Marriott and Lynne–John Cardon and Anna Furrer Cardon, 1855-1909; the book will be published in July, 2017. I am interested in contacting any descendants of John and Anna for stories, photos, insights, etc.

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